The use of multiplexed MRM for the discovery of biomarkers to differentiate iron-deficiency anemia from anemia of inflammation

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The use of multiplexed MRM for the discovery of biomarkers to differentiate iron-deficiency anemia from anemia of inflammation

TitleThe use of multiplexed MRM for the discovery of biomarkers to differentiate iron-deficiency anemia from anemia of inflammation
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsDomanski, D, Freue, GVCohen, Sojo, L, Kuzyk, MA, Ratkay, L, Parker, CE, Y. Goldberg, P, Borchers, CH
JournalJournal of Proteomics
Volume75
Pagination3514 - 3528
ISSN1874-3919
KeywordsBiomarkers
AbstractIn this study we demonstrate the use of a multiplexed MRM-based assay to distinguish among normal (NL) and iron-metabolism disorder mouse models, particularly, iron-deficiency anemia (IDA), inflammation (INFL), and inflammation and anemia (INFL + IDA). Our initial panel of potential biomarkers was based on the analysis of 14 proteins expressed by candidate genes involved in iron transport and metabolism. Based on this study, we were able to identify a panel of 8 biomarker proteins: apolipoprotein {A4} (APO4), transferrin, transferrin receptor 1, ceruloplasmin, haptoglobin, lactoferrin, hemopexin, and matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP8) that clearly distinguish among the normal and disease models. Within this set of proteins, transferrin showed the best individual classification accuracy over all samples (72%) and within the {NL} group (94%). Compared to the best single-protein biomarker, transferrin, the use of the composite 8-protein biomarker panel improved the classification accuracy from 94% to 100% in the {NL} group, from 50% to 72% in the {INFL} group, from 66% to 96% in the {IDA} group, and from 79% to 83% in the {INFL} + {IDA} group. Based on these findings, validation of the utility of this potentially important biomarker panel in human samples in an effort to differentiate IDA, inflammation, and combinations thereof, is now warranted. This article is part of a Special Section entitled: Understanding genome regulation and genetic diversity by mass spectrometry.
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S187439191100652X
DOI10.1016/j.jprot.2011.11.022