Accuracy of Laplace approximation for discrete response mixed models

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Accuracy of Laplace approximation for discrete response mixed models

TitleAccuracy of Laplace approximation for discrete response mixed models
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsJoe, H
JournalComputational Statistics & Data Analysis
Volume52
Pagination5066-5074
Date PublishedAUG 15
Type of Articlearticle
ISSN0167-9473
AbstractThe Laplace approximation is amongst the computational methods used for estimation in generalized linear mixed models. it is computationally the fastest, but there hasn't been a clear analysis of when its accuracy is adequate. In this paper, for a few factors we do calculations for a variety of mixed models to show patterns in the asymptotic bias of the estimator based on the maximum of the Laplace approximation of the log-likelihood. The biggest factor for asymptotic bias is the amount of discreteness in the response variable; there is more bias for binary and ordinal responses than for a count response, and more bias for a count response when its support is mainly near 0. When there is bias, the bias decreases as the cluster size increases. Often, the Laplace approximation is adequate even for small cluster sizes. Even with bias,the Laplace approximation maybe adequate for quick assessment of competing mixed models with different random effects and covariates. (c) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
DOI10.1016/j.csda.2008.05.002