|Title||Analysis of neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) lesions by body segment|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2004|
|Authors||Palmer, C, Szudek, J, Joe, H, Riccardi, VM, Friedman, JM|
|Journal||American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A|
|Date Published||MAR 1|
Cafe-au-lait spots and neurofibromas are defining features of neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1), but they vary greatly in number, size, and clinical importance from patient to patient. The cause of this variability is unknown. We tested the hypotheses that development of these lesions is influenced by local or familial factors. The presence or absence of cafe-au-lait spots, cutaneous neurofibromas, and diffuse plexiform neurofibromas was recorded for each of 10 divisions of the body surface in 547 NF1 patients, including 117 affected individuals in 52 families. We used stratified Mantel-Haenszel tests to look for local associations between the presence of diffuse plexiform neurofibromas, cutaneous neurofibromas, and cafe-au-lait spots in individual body segments of NF1 patients. We used a random effects model to obtain intrafamilial correlation coefficients for the age-adjusted number of body divisions affected with each of the three lesions. No significant association was observed between the occurrence of cutaneous and diffuse plexiform neurofibromas, between cafe-au-lait spots and cutaneous neurofibromas, or between cafe-au-lait spots and plexiform neurofibromas in the same body segment. The correlation among relatives in the number of body segments affected with cafe-au-lait spots was 0.45 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.18-0.71), with cutaneous neurofibromas, 0.37 (95% CI = 0.15-0.55), and with plexiform neurofibromas, 0.35 (95% CI = 0.15-0.57). We conclude that the development of cafe-au-lait spots, cutaneous neurofibromas, and plexiform neurofibromas are spatially independent in NF1 patients but that the development of all three lesions is influenced by familial factors. (C) 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.