Bayesian inference on joint models of HIV dynamics for time-to-event and longitudinal data with skewness and covariate measurement errors

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Bayesian inference on joint models of HIV dynamics for time-to-event and longitudinal data with skewness and covariate measurement errors

TitleBayesian inference on joint models of HIV dynamics for time-to-event and longitudinal data with skewness and covariate measurement errors
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsHuang, Y, Dagne, G, WU, LANG
JournalStatistics in Medicine
Volume30
Pagination2930–2946
ISSN1097-0258
KeywordsBayesian analysis, covariate measurement errors, joint mixed-effects models, Longitudinal data, skew-normal distribution, time to event
AbstractNormality (symmetry) of the model random errors is a routine assumption for mixed-effects models in many longitudinal studies, but it may be unrealistically obscuring important features of subject variations. Covariates are usually introduced in the models to partially explain inter-subject variations, but some covariates such as CD4 cell count may be often measured with substantial errors. This paper formulates a class of models in general forms that considers model errors to have skew-normal distributions for a joint behavior of longitudinal dynamic processes and time-to-event process of interest. For estimating model parameters, we propose a Bayesian approach to jointly model three components (response, covariate, and time-to-event processes) linked through the random effects that characterize the underlying individual-specific longitudinal processes. We discuss in detail special cases of the model class, which are offered to jointly model HIV dynamic response in the presence of CD4 covariate process with measurement errors and time to decrease in CD4/CD8 ratio, to provide a tool to assess antiretroviral treatment and to monitor disease progression. We illustrate the proposed methods using the data from a clinical trial study of HIV treatment. The findings from this research suggest that the joint models with a skew-normal distribution may provide more reliable and robust results if the data exhibit skewness, and particularly the results may be important for HIV/AIDS studies in providing quantitative guidance to better understand the virologic responses to antiretroviral treatment. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/sim.4321/abstract
DOI10.1002/sim.4321