|Title||Computations for the familial analysis of binary traits|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2005|
|Authors||Joe, H, Latif, AHMM|
For familial aggregation of a binary trait, one method that has been used is the GEE2 (generalized estimating equation) method corresponding to a multivariate logit model. We solve the complex estimating equations for the GEE2 method using an automatic differentiation software which computes the derivatives of a function numerically using the chain rule of the calculus repeatedly on the elementary operations of the function. Based on this, we are able to show in a simulation study that the GEE2 estimates are quite close to the maximum likelihood estimates assuming a multivariate logit model, and that the GEE2 method is computationally faster when the dimension or family size is larger than four.