|Title||Does MRI lesion activity regress in secondary progressive multiple sclerosis?|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2010|
|Authors||Zhao, Y, Petkau, AJ, Traboulsee, A, Riddehough, A, Li, DKB|
Background: The rate of new contrast-enhancing lesions (CELs) on monthly magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans has been shown to decrease over a 9-month period in placebo-treated patients with relapsing–remitting (RR) multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Objective: We examined this phenomenon in placebo-treated secondary progressive MS (SPMS) patients. Methods: Patients were chosen from two clinical trials. Monthly scans were taken at screening, baseline and months 1–9 for Cohort-1 and months 1–6 for Cohort-2. We examined the monthly new CEL rates according to initial CEL level: 0, 1–3, >3 CELs at screening, and presence and absence of pre-study relapses. Results:Respectively, 59, 21 and 14 of the 94 Cohort-1 patients, and 36, 17 and 9 of the 62 Cohort-2 patients had 0, 1–3 and >3 initial CELs. For Cohort-1, the monthly new CEL rates did not change during follow-up, regardless of initial CEL level. For Cohort-2, the monthly rate was unchanged in the 0 initial CEL subgroup, but decreased 33% (95% confidence interval: 8%, 52%) from months 1–3 to months 4–6 in the other two subgroups. For the combined cohorts, a decreasing rate was observed in the 12 patients with >3 initial CELs and pre-study relapses. Conclusions: The short-term trend of new CEL activity in placebo-treated SPMS patients may vary across cohorts.