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Publications by Paul Gustafson


Xia M, Gustafson P. Bayesian inference for unidirectional misclassification of a binary response trait. Statistics in medicine. Wiley Online Library; 2018; 37: 933–947.
Shupler M, Godwin W, Frostad J, Gustafson P, Arku RE, Brauer M. Global estimation of exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2. 5) from household air pollution. Environment international. Elsevier; 2018; 120: 354–363.
Karim MEhsanul, Petkau J, Gustafson P, Platt RW, Tremlett H, Group BAMSStudy. Comparison of statistical approaches dealing with time-dependent confounding in drug effectiveness studies. Statistical methods in medical research. SAGE Publications Sage UK: London, England; 2018; 27: 1709–1722.
Gustafson P, McCandless LC. When Is a Sensitivity Parameter Exactly That?. Statistical Science. Institute of Mathematical Statistics; 2018; 33: 86–95.
Campbell H, Gustafson P. Conditional equivalence testing: An alternative remedy for publication bias. PloS one. Public Library of Science; 2018; 13: e0195145.


Burstyn I, Gustafson P, Pintos J, Lavoué J, Siemiatycki J. Correction of odds ratios in case-control studies for exposure misclassification with partial knowledge of the degree of agreement among experts who assessed exposures. Occup Environ Med. BMJ Publishing Group Ltd; 2017;: oemed–2017.
Högg T, Petkau J, Zhao Y, Gustafson P, Wijnands JMA, Tremlett H. Bayesian analysis of pair-matched case-control studies subject to outcome misclassification. Statistics in medicine. Wiley Online Library; 2017; 36: 4196–4213.
Béliveau A, Goring S, Platt RW, Gustafson P. Network meta-analysis of disconnected networks: How dangerous are random baseline treatment effects?. Research synthesis methods. Wiley Online Library; 2017; 8: 465–474.
McCandless LC, Gustafson P. A comparison of Bayesian and Monte Carlo sensitivity analysis for unmeasured confounding. Statistics in medicine. Wiley Online Library; 2017; 36: 2887–2901.
Karim MEhsanul, Petkau J, Gustafson P, Tremlett H, Group TBeams Stud. On the application of statistical learning approaches to construct inverse probability weights in marginal structural cox models: hedging against weight-model misspecification. Communications in Statistics-Simulation and Computation. Taylor & Francis; 2017; 46: 7668–7697.
Islam N, Krajden M, Shoveller J, Gustafson P, Gilbert M, Buxton JA, et al. Incidence, risk factors, and prevention of hepatitis C reinfection: a population-based cohort study. The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology. Elsevier; 2017; 2: 200–210.
Islam N, Krajden M, Gilbert M, Gustafson P, Yu A, Kuo M, et al. Role of primary T-cell immunodeficiency and hepatitis B coinfection on spontaneous clearance of hepatitis C: The BC Hepatitis Testers Cohort. Journal of viral hepatitis. Wiley Online Library; 2017; 24: 421–429.
Islam N, Krajden M, Shoveller J, Gustafson P, Gilbert M, Wong J, et al. Hepatitis C cross-genotype immunity and implications for vaccine development. Scientific reports. Nature Publishing Group; 2017; 7: 12326.


Karim MEhsanul, Gustafson P, Petkau J, Tremlett H. Comparison of Statistical Approaches for Dealing With Immortal Time Bias in Drug Effectiveness Studies. American Journal of Epidemiology. Oxford University Press; 2016;: kwv445. DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwv445
Xia M, Gustafson P. Bayesian regression models adjusting for unidirectional covariate misclassification. Canadian Journal of Statistics. 2016; 44: 198–218. DOI: 10.1002/cjs.11284
Zhang T, Kingwell E, De Jong HJI, Zhu F, Zhao Y, Carruthers R, et al. Association between the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and multiple sclerosis disability progression. Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety. 2016;. DOI: 10.1002/pds.4031
Falasinnu T, Gilbert M, Gustafson P, Shoveller J. A validation study of a clinical prediction rule for screening asymptomatic chlamydia and gonorrhoea infections among heterosexuals in British Columbia. Sexually transmitted infections. BMJ Publishing Group Ltd; 2016; 92: 12–18. DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2014-051992
Falasinnu T, Gilbert M, Gustafson P, Shoveller J. An assessment of population-based screening guidelines versus clinical prediction rules for chlamydia and gonorrhea case finding. Preventive medicine. Academic Press; 2016; 89: 51–56. DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.04.001
Goring SM, Gustafson P, Liu Y, Saab S, Cline SK, Platt RW. Disconnected by design: analytic approach in treatment networks having no common comparator. Research synthesis methods. Wiley Online Library; 2016;. DOI: 10.1002/jrsm.1204


Gustafson P. Discussion of ``On Bayesian Estimation of Marginal Structural Models''. Biometrics. Wiley-Blackwell; 2015; 71: 291–293. DOI: 10.1111/biom.12271
Zhang T, Shirani A, Zhao Y, Karim ME, Gustafson P, Petkau J, et al. Beta-interferon exposure and onset of secondary progressive multiple sclerosis. European Journal of Neurology. Wiley Online Library; 2015; 22: 990–1000. DOI: 10.1111/ene.12698
Etminan M, Luo H, Gustafson P. Risk of intracranial hypertension with intrauterine levonorgestrel. Therapeutic advances in drug safety. SAGE Publications; 2015; 6: 110–113. DOI: 10.1177/2042098615588084
Shirani A, Zhao Y, Petkau J, Gustafson P, Karim MEhsanul, Evans C, et al. Multiple Sclerosis in Older Adults: The Clinical Profile and Impact of Interferon Beta Treatment. BioMed research international. Hindawi Publishing Corporation; 2015; 2015. DOI: 10.1155/2015/451912


Karim MEhsanul, Gustafson P, Petkau J, Zhao Y, Shirani A, Kingwell E, et al. Marginal Structural Cox Models for Estimating the Association Between β-Interferon Exposure and Disease Progression in a Multiple Sclerosis Cohort. American journal of epidemiology. Oxford University Press; 2014; 180: 160–171. DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwu125
Xia M, Gustafson P. Bayesian sensitivity analyses for hidden sub-populations in weighted sampling. Canadian Journal of Statistics. Wiley Online Library; 2014; 42: 436–450. DOI: 10.1002/cjs.11220
Gustafson P, McCandless L. Commentary: Priors, Parameters, and Probability: A Bayesian Perspective on Sensitivity Analysis. Epidemiology. LWW; 2014; 25: 910–912.
Gustafson P. Bayesian Statistical Methodology for Observational Health Sciences Data. Statistics in Action: A Canadian Outlook. CRC Press; 2014;: 163. DOI: 10.1201/b16597-11
Gustafson P, Greenland S. Misclassification. In Handbook of Epidemiology. Springer; 2014. pp. 639–658. DOI: 10.1007/978-0-387-09834-0_58
Shirani A, Zhao Y, Karim ME, Petkau J, Gustafson P, Evans C, et al. Investigation of heterogeneity in the association between interferon beta and disability progression in multiple sclerosis: an observational study. European Journal of Neurology. Wiley Online Library; 2014; 21: 835–844. DOI: 10.1111/ene.12324
Evans C, Zhu F, Kingwell E, Shirani A, Kop ML, Petkau J, et al. Association between beta-interferon exposure and hospital events in multiple sclerosis. Pharmacoepidemiology and drug safety. Wiley Online Library; 2014; 23: 1213–1222. DOI: 10.1002/pds.3667
Falasinnu T, Gilbert M, Gustafson P, Shoveller J. Deriving and validating a risk estimation tool for screening asymptomatic chlamydia and gonorrhea. Sexually transmitted diseases. LWW; 2014; 41: 706–712. DOI: 10.1097/olq.0000000000000205
Falasinnu T, Gilbert M, Salway THottes, Gustafson P, Ogilvie G, Shoveller J. Predictors identifying those at increased risk for STDs: a theory-guided review of empirical literature and clinical guidelines. International journal of STD & AIDS. SAGE Publications; 2014;: 0956462414555930. DOI: 10.1177/0956462414555930
Falasinnu T, Gustafson P, Hottes TSalway, Gilbert M, Ogilvie G, Shoveller J. A critical appraisal of risk models for predicting sexually transmitted infections. Sexually transmitted diseases. LWW; 2014; 41: 321–330. DOI: 10.1097/olq.0000000000000120
Wang D, Gustafson P. On the Impact of Misclassification in an Ordinal Exposure Variable. Epidemiologic Methods. 2014; 3: 97–106. DOI: 10.1515/em-2013-0017


Burstyn I, de Vocht F, Gustafson P. What do measures of agreement ($ąppa$) tell us about quality of exposure assessment? Theoretical analysis and numerical simulation. BMJ open. British Medical Journal Publishing Group; 2013; 3: e003952. DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003952
Xing L, Burstyn I, Richardson DB, Gustafson P. A comparison of Bayesian hierarchical modeling with group-based exposure assessment in occupational epidemiology. Statistics in medicine [Internet]. Wiley Online Library; 2013;. DOI: 10.1002/sim.5791 URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/sim.5791/abstract
Gustafson P, Gilbert M, Xia M, Michelow W, Robert W, Trussler T, et al. Impact of Statistical Adjustment for Frequency of Venue Attendance in a Venue-based Survey of Men Who Have Sex With Men. American Journal of Epidemiology. Oxford University Press; 2013; 177: 1157–1164. DOI: 10.1093/aje/kws358
Gustafson P. Bayesian Analysis of Frailty Models. Handbook of Survival Analysis. CRC Press; 2013;: 475.
Shirani A, Zhao Y, Karim MEhsanul, Evans C, Kingwell E, van der Kop ML, et al. Interferon beta and long-term disability in multiple sclerosis. JAMA neurology. American Medical Association; 2013; 70: 651–653. DOI: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2013.2197
Luo H, Burstyn I, Gustafson P. Investigations of Gene-Disease Associations: Costs and Benefits of Environmental Data. Epidemiology. LWW; 2013; 24: 562–568. DOI: 10.1097/EDE.0b013e3182944dd5
Falasinnu T, Gustafson P, Gilbert M, Shoveller J. Risk prediction in sexual health contexts: Protocol. JMIR research protocols. JMIR Publications Inc.; 2013; 2. DOI: 10.2196/resprot.2971


Xia M, Gustafson P. A Bayesian method for estimating prevalence in the presence of a hidden sub-population. Statistics in Medicine. Wiley Online Library; 2012; 31: 2386–2398. DOI: 10.1002/sim.5374